Learn About Fertigation Systems
Fertigation comes from the terms fertilization and irrigation. Just as the name implies, fertigation is the process in which fertilizers are applied to crops with irrigation water. Fertilizer solutions are usually prepared well in advance, before being injected into irrigation water and then passed on to plants. Fertigation is mainly done in two approaches, namely proportional, and quantitative approach. People farming in soil-less media or areas with sandy soils follow the proportionate method. In the proportional method, a specified amount of fertilizer solution is injected into every unit of water that passes through the irrigation system in use. The quantitative approach is mainly used by farmers in open fields. Here, the farmer decides on the amount of fertilizer solution to be used per area, and the amount is then injected into the irrigation system to be used in the specified area. The amount of nutrients received by crops is determined by the concentration of the fertilizer solution in the irrigation water.
It is important to note that fertigation systems are quite complex, and as such, growers need to undergo training before operating them. This ensures that they make the right decisions for their crops. You need to understand not only how to use the fertigation system, but also which fertilizers to use for which plants. Not all fertilizers are suitable for fertigation, and thus the need for training. You can only use liquid fertilizers or soluble ones for you to achieve the results you are after. Each crop needs a different combination of nutrients, and hence the need for you to seek professional help when starting. Fertigation systems are computer-controlled, and as such, you get to control how fertilizer is used up to the last drop. Some fertigation systems allow growers to change the bled of fertilizers mid-feed when they need to take factors such as leech rates and the crop’s stage into account. Some fertigation systems can be controlled over a mobile device, and as such, the grower has control over the system regardless of his or her location.
Fertigation systems have had an increasing demand over the years because of their many benefits. One such benefit is that they ensure little or no fertilizer goes to waste. This is because the grower has control over the system, and as such, only uses the needed amount of fertilizer. This control contributes a lot to the growth of healthy plants, which is why you find farmers who employ this technique having better yields than those who do not. They also have better returns because fertilizer application is uniform. The fertilizer can also be applied to areas where it is most needed. Growers who use fertigation systems also have higher and better yields because fertigation improves the intake of nutrients by plant roots. Another benefit of fertigation systems is that they are cost-effective. This is because the systems are digitally-controlled. They, therefore, need a lesser number of working hours than other fertilization techniques. The initial investment may be high, but you make more significant savings in the long run than you would, using different methods.